What is Pain?
Pain is an emotion that can only be felt and can occur in any part of the body. Uncomfortable feeling, this is such a situation. Which everyone experiences at some point or the other. Sometimes we feel it when we stumble or get hurt. This is also because the nerves are spread in all parts of our body. Sometimes nerves are damaged due to stumbling or any injury. It also affects the circulation of blood, which causes pain. Pain is felt when nerves transmit its message to the brain. There are many types of pain and there are many reasons for it. These reasons can be mental as well as physical. It can be for a short time as well as it can last for a long time. It can occur in any one part of the body and can also spread throughout the body. Simply put, there is no definition of pain. The sign of any internal problem can be called a pain.
Pain is felt when nerves called nociceptors detect tissue damage and transmit information along the spinal cord to the brain. For example, if we touch a hot vessel, a message is sent to the spinal cord. There is an immediate contraction of the muscle, which will lift the hand away from the hot surface and prevent further injury.
This reflex happens so fast that even this message does not reach the brain. However, the message of pain goes to the brain. Once this message reaches the brain, an unpleasant sensation can be felt. These signals to the brain and the efficiency of communication channels with the brain’s nociceptors determine how a person feels pain. The brain can release feel-good chemicals called dopamine to counteract the unpleasant experience of pain .
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What is the type of pen? (Types of Pain)
We all feel pain in different ways. So it is extremely difficult to describe the pain you are feeling differently from others. It is also possible that a person may experience more than one pain, which only adds to the problems. There are two types of pain. Acute pain and chronic pain
This type of pain is usually acute and short-lived. In this way the body alerts a person to injury or tissue damage. Treating the underlying injury usually cures the acute pain. Breaking a bone or touching a hot surface can cause acute pain. During acute pain, there is an immediate sharp pain for a short period, which is sometimes described as a sharp prickling sensation. Acute pain triggers the body’s fight-or-flight mechanism, often resulting in a faster heartbeat and increased breathing rate.
Different Types of Acute Pain
Somatic pain: In this, the pain is felt on the surface of the skin or soft tissues just below the skin.
Visceral pain: In this pain arises from the lining of internal organs and cavities in the body.
Referred pain: Apart from tissue damage, a person feels referred pain at any one place. For example, people often have shoulder pain during a heart attack.
Chronic pain lasts longer than acute pain. Often there is no cure for it. It can be mild or severe. In chronic pain, the body constantly sends pain signals to the brain. Chronic pain can limit your mobility. In addition, it can reduce your flexibility and strength. It can also make it challenging to perform everyday tasks. Pain that lasts for at least 12 weeks is called chronic pain.
This pain is often associated with diseases such as cancer or arthritis . It is more difficult to detect and treat. This pain can be constant like pain in arthritis. It can also be intermittent, like the pain in a migraine . Intermittent pain is frequent, but stops intermittently.
Chronic pain includes:
- Headache _
- Postsurgical pain
- Post-trauma pain
- Arthritis pain
- Neurogenic pain- This occurs when there is damage to the nerve (Neurogenic pain)
- Psychogenic pain
- Lower back pain
- Cancer pain
According to the American Academy of Pain Medicine, more than 1.5 billion people worldwide have chronic pain.
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What are the symptoms of pain? (Symptoms of Pain)
Pain itself is a symptom of many internal and external problems. The following symptoms indicate that a person is in emotional, physical or spiritual pain:
- Poor concentration
- Dull senses
- to be angry
- Bad dreams
- Nervous laughter
- Low productivity
- negative attitude
- Anxiety _
- Mood swings
- Dependency on others
- Appetite changes
- Poor sleeping
- Heavy breathing
- Decreasing activity
- hang in gait
- Fearful expression
- Teeth grinding
- Groaning or moaning
- Loss of meaning
- Loss of direction
- Worry _
- Loss of hope
What are the causes of pain? (Cause of Pain)
Acute pain usually lasts for less than 6 months. It can be overcome by treating its cause. Acute pain may intensify before gradually recovering. This could be due to the following reasons:
- Broken bones
- Dental work
- Labor and childbirth
Pain that lasts for more than six months is called chronic pain. This pain is usually caused by an injury. Such as a back sprain or muscle strain . It is believed that chronic pain develops after nerves are damaged. When the nerves are damaged, the pain is sharp and lasts for a long time. This pain persists even after the injury has healed. Sometimes it is due to injury, sometimes there is no reason for it to happen. Chronic pain can seriously affect your life. Patients with chronic pain may have symptoms of anxiety and depression .
Although in some cases people can experience chronic pain without any injury. Pain can sometimes result from an underlying health condition, such as:
Chronic fatigue syndrome : This is a disorder that causes many types of weakness . There is always a state of fatigue in this.
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a painful disorder. This is a problem occurring in the uterus. In this, the endometrium tissue starts growing outside the uterus.
Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by pain in the muscles and bones.
Inflammatory bowel disease: In this, the problem of inflammation starts in the digestive system due to some reason. The problem of pain starts due to inflammation in the digestive tract.
Interstitial cystitis: This is a chronic disorder. Due to bladder infection, there is a problem of pressure and pain in the bladder.
Vulvodynia : This is a condition characterized by chronic unexplained vaginal pain, burning and itching.
How to detect Pain?
The description of pain given by the patient helps the doctor in making the diagnosis. The doctor will try to know the history of the pain to identify the type of pain. For this the doctor may ask the following questions:
- What kind of pain is there like burning sensation, pricking feeling etc.
- What time does it hurt? It hurts all day. If you keep having pain, then it is better that you maintain a diary for it. Such a doctor will be easy to understand your pain.
- Which part of the body is hurting and where is this pain spreading? The doctor can ask by touching it.
- factors that increase and decrease pain
- the effect of pain on your daily functioning or mood
- what do you mean by pain
Pain can be identified in many ways. However, for its proper treatment, it is most important that the patient clearly tells the doctor every information related to his problem.
Your doctor may ask you to undergo the following tests:
Electrodiagnostic procedures may include electromyography, nerve condition studies, and evoked potential tests.
- Electromyography (EMG) lets your doctor know about the health status of muscles and the nerve cells that control them.
- In nerve condition studies, doctors use two sets of electrodes that are placed on the skin of the muscle. The first set gives a mild jolt to the patient. This stimulates the nerve that controls that muscle. This is followed by the use of a second set of electrodes. This is done for recording the electrical signals of the nerve. From this information the doctor can determine whether there is nerve damage.
- The evoked potential (EP) test also uses two sets of electrodes to stimulate the nerve. One set of electrodes are attached to an A part of the body and another set is placed on the head to record the speed of nerve signal transmission to the brain.
- Imaging: Your doctor may recommend an MRI. It helps physicians understand the condition by looking at pictures of body structures and tissues.
- The doctor may order a neurological exam to check for movement, reflexes, sensation, balance, and coordination.
- May recommend an X-ray to see the condition of the bones and joints of any part of the body.
What to do to prevent pain?
Acute pain cannot be prevented, but the following measures may help you in the prevention of chronic pain:
- Never ignore the pen. Before your pain becomes severe, consult your doctor. In the early stages of pain, it is easy to control.
- Include healthy things by eliminating oily and junk food from your diet.
- It is necessary to get 7 to 8 hours of sleep every day to stay healthy.
- Avoid the use of cigarettes and alcohol. Both of these have a bad effect on our health.
- Exercise daily to maintain normal weight.
- Stress eats our body like termites. So make every effort to keep yourself stress free. It invites many diseases.
- You can also control pain through physical therapy, yoga, art and music therapy, psychotherapy, massage and meditation.
How is pain treated?
Acute pain usually gets better on its own. Its treatment depends on the cause of the pain. Doctors determine the underlying cause of the pain and determine its treatment. When the tissues heal, the pain starts to subside. Sometimes in severe cases, the doctor may recommend painkiller medicine or surgery to treat it.
Chronic pain is difficult to get rid of. Especially when the reason for this is not known. There is no cure, but its symptoms can be controlled. For this, the doctor can resort to the following therapy:
Drug therapy: The doctor can give you pain killers according to your pain.
Trigger point injection: This is used to treat painful areas of the muscles.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy is very important for pain management. If the exercise is not done properly , it can make the pain worse. Doing proper exercise gradually builds up your tolerance and reduces your pain. Some people start exercising excessively, they feel that their pain will get better quickly. It doesn’t happen. This can make your pain worse than before.
Surgical Implant: When medicines and physical therapy do not relieve the pain, your doctor may recommend a surgical implant to control the pain.
Psychological treatment: When you are in pain, you may feel angry, sad, or hopeless along with it. Pain can change your personality. It can disturb your sleep and create problems for your everyday work and relationships. The pain becomes severe due to depression, anxiety and lack of sleep. In this treatment, it is treated by reducing the high level of stress that aggravates the pain. Psychological treatment also helps you improve the indirect consequences of pain.
Acupuncture : In this, pain is reduced by increasing the level of endorphins in the body. This gives great relief from pain.